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Grace Bailey was an American ink artist and supervisor, who worked at Walt Disney Animation Studios and was the head of the Ink and Paint Department from 1954 to 1972. Bob Broughton, former Disney supervisor of special photographic effects once recalled, "Grace was quite a professional lady. She was class."

Born Elizabeth Grace Randall, she attended the Cleveland School of Art in 1922. After school, she left her home in Lake County found work with animator Max Fleischer for his Out of Inkwell series in New York. The studio went bankrupt in 1928 and she later moved to California hoping to advance her career. In 1932, after working as a custom lampshader in Beverly Hills, Bailey decided to apply for a job at the nearby Walt Disney Studios and won a position in the Ink and Paint department, which was supervised by Walt's sister-in-law Hazel Sewell, and worked primarily with the Silly Symphonies crew.

As time went on, she grew in stature and worked alongside Walt and Roy O. Disney adding color to the cels and animators' drawings. Her real contribution to the Disney Studios came following the success of Flowers and Trees when she began to formulate the palette of colors for the paint department, expanding the studio's inventory of colors beyond black, white and gray. She created many of the colors audiences and critics came to know and expect in Disney films.

Upon becoming Department head, Baily would train new artists to in the drawings as well as supervise the inkers. Former Studio painter Betty Kimball once recalled, "Everything was so unscientific back then. We were just creating, and it was fun. I remember Grace was head of Paint, and she had developed a new blue color. She tried to describe it to me: 'It's the same color as your dress, Betty. What color is your dress?' I had dyed my dress and I told her that the name on the package of dye was 'sky blue'. So she right there and then named the new blue after the color of my dress." Bailey also demanded outstanding work from her staff.

Bailey retired in 1972 and lived out the remainder of her years quietly until her death on August 23, 1983. She was awarded posthumously as a Disney Legend in 2000.

Filmography[]

Year Film Position
1948 Melody Time Ink and paint artist - uncredited
1949 The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad Ink and paint artist - uncredited
1950 Cinderella Ink and paint - uncredited
1951 Alice in Wonderland Ink and paint - uncredited
1953 Peter Pan Ink and paint - uncredited
1955 Lady and the Tramp Ink and paint supervisor - uncredited
1957 The Truth About Mother Goose Ink and paint supervisor - uncredited
1958 Paul Bunyan Ink and paint supervisor - uncredited
1959 Sleeping Beauty Ink and paint supervisor - uncredited
1959 Donald in Mathmagic Land Ink and paint supervisor - uncredited
1960 Goliath II Ink and paint supervisor - uncredited
1961 One Hundred and One Dalmatians Ink and paint supervisor - uncredited
1961 The Saga of Windwagon Smith Ink and paint supervisor - uncredited
1962 A Symposium on Popular Songs Ink and paint supervisor - uncredited
1963 The Sword in the Stone Ink and paint supervisor - uncredited
1964 Mary Poppins Ink and paint supervisor - uncredited
1966 Winnie the Pooh and the Honey Tree Ink and paint supervisor - uncredited
1967 Scrooge McDuck and Money Ink and paint supervisor - uncredited
1967 The Jungle Book Ink and paint supervisor - uncredited
1968 Winnie the Pooh and the Blustery Day Ink and paint supervisor
1970 Dad, Can I Borrow the Car? Ink and paint supervisor - uncredited
1970 The Aristocats Ink and paint supervisor - uncredited
1971 Bedknobs and Broomsticks Ink and paint supervisor - uncredited
1973 Robin Hood Ink and paint supervisor - uncredited

External links[]

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Walt Disney Animation Studios transparent logo
1920s—1970s
Disney's Nine Old Men: Milt KahlFrank ThomasOllie JohnstonLes ClarkJohn LounsberyMarc DavisWard KimballEric LarsonWolfgang Reitherman

Animators: Bill TytlaArt BabbittLee BlairPreston BlairFred MooreShamus CulhaneCy YoungDon LuskNorman FergusonHal KingJack HannahDick KinneyHal AmbroKen O'BrienJudge WhitakerBill JusticeDon BluthGary GoldmanCharles A. NicholsBlaine GibsonJohn EwingWalt StanchfieldRolly CrumpFred HellmichAmby PaliwodaWilfred JacksonXavier AtencioBen SharpsteenEarl HurdDale OliverEric CleworthDavid HandFred SpencerJulius SvendsenJack BradburyKenneth MuseRudolf IsingHugh HarmanFriz FrelengWalt KellyLeo SalkinJohn DehnerRetta ScottDavid SwiftMel ShawJack CuttingGrant SimmonsArt StevensFrank TashlinWathel RogersTyrus WongJohnny Cannon
Visual Development, Layout, Background Artists and Character Designers: Gustaf TenggrenMary BlairMarjorie RalstonLillian BoundsJoe GrantMel ShawClaude CoatsDon DaGradiJohn HenchEyvind EarleKen O'ConnorThor PutnamAlbert HurterJohn HubleyHerbert RymanDon GriffithBasil DavidovichJack BoydPeter EllenshawRuthie TompsonEarl DuvallRetta DavidsonUb IwerksVance GerryHazel SewellJames BodreroLance NolleyGrace BaileyMaurice NobleDale BarnhartAndy EngmanEustace LycettJohn EmersonJoe Hale
Storyboard Artists and Writers: Bill PeetRalph WrightDick HuemerFloyd NormanYale GraceyTed SearsErdman PennerJoe RinaldiWinston HiblerOtto EnglanderWilliam CottrellBill BergAl BertinoT. HeeHomer BrightmanTed OsbourneLarry ClemmonsHarry ReevesJesse MarshChuck CouchWebb SmithDick Sebast
Directors: Clyde GeronimiHamilton LuskeJack KinneyTed BermanRichard RichGeorge ScribnerRiley ThomsonDick LundyJack KingBurt GillettJames AlgarBill RobertsLarry Lansburgh
Producers: Walt DisneyRon MillerKen AndersonDon DuckwallPerce PearceMargaret J. Winkler

1980s—present
Renaissance Directors: Rob MinkoffRoger AllersGary TrousdaleKirk WiseChris SandersMark DindalJohn Musker

Story Trust Directors: Ron ClementsChris BuckByron HowardDon HallChris WilliamsRich MooreStephen J. AndersonNathan GrenoFawn Veerasunthorn
Producers: Peter Del VechoClark SpencerRoy ConliDorothy McKimDon HahnShane Morris
Chief Creative Officer: Jennifer Lee
Associated Figures: Bob IgerRoy Edward DisneyMichael EisnerJohn LasseterEd CatmullJeffrey KatzenbergBob Chapek
Signature Voice Actors: Jim CummingsAlan TudykKatie LowesJohn DiMaggioMaurice LaMarcheJodi BensonDavid Ogden StiersJesse CortiPaul BriggsRaymond S. PersiPhil JohnstonFrank WelkerBill FarmerBrian Cummings
Signature Musicians: Robert B. Sherman Richard M. Sherman Alan Menken Kristen Anderson-Lopez Robert LopezLin-Manuel MirandaHoward AshmanTim RicePhil CollinsStephen SchwartzMarc ShaimanDanny Troob
Supervising Animators: Glen KeaneAndreas DejaEric GoldbergMark HennJohn PomeroyRandy HaycockDale BaerTony BancroftTom BancroftTony FucileAnthony DeRosaRuss EdmondsRandy HaycockBruce W. SmithDuncan MarjoribanksRuben AquinoNik RanieriRon HusbandRick FarmiloeTom SitoTony AnselmoWill FinnKathy Zielinski
Visual Development & Storyboard Artists: Dean DeBloisClaire KeaneBrittney LeeJin KimShiyoon KimRyan Green

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